The Iranian nuclear program became the main issue on the international community that follows the disclosure of its two previously unreported nuclear facility back in August 2002. The two of the facilities that they have which is the uranium enrichment plant at Natanz and also the heavy water reactor based on Arak comes with two possible nuclear weapon application.
The negotiations that in fact were made in Iran and the Western countries that started in August 2002, which actually failed in creating long-term solutions. Following with the negotiations that were made by the EU-3, which is UK, Germany and France, Iran then agreed later on in suspending all its uranium enrichment activities. Also, the EU-3 then acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and they promised in supplying Iran with its modern technology after it provided an assurance to the international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
The suspension of its enrichment activity in fact lasted to June 2005, after the election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iran then resumed uranium enrichment to where you could see more here.
For almost the same time, EU-3 offered Iran its different benefits as a return of its permanent cessation on the uranium enrichment as well as other activities that are related with its possible nuclear weapon applications. As an addition to its unpublished economic as well as political side, Iran was being offered a supply of nuclear fuel as an assurance of non aggression from the EU. However, Iran had rejected such offer and the Iranian nuclear officials considers this very insulting as well as humiliating.
The US and the EU made their move to have the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) refer Iran to United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for any possible sanctions.
In September 2009, Iran actually informed IAEA on the second uranium enrichment facility that’s still under construction near from the city of Qom. Britain, US and France also issued a joint statement that argues that the disclosure of its recet secret facility is growing a concern regarding the nuclear program of Iran. But, Iran claimed that it was not required to inform IAEA about their new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After on the revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC as well as the IAEA. After the talks, the IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which sees Iran ships on the majority of the low-enriched uranium to Russia about their further enrichment and the fuel returned to Iran for the use of medical research as well as for cancer treatment. Iran likewise proposed changes on the draft agreement, which was then rejected by the P5+1 and the deal then went to nowhere.